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Eight Deer Jaguar Claw

Eight Deer Jaguar Claw (Mixtec: Iya Nacuaa Teyusi Ñaña), a powerful Mixtec king who united kingdoms of three Mixtec areas. He is most famous for his military expansion. Codex Zouche-Nuttall (British Museum) counts 94 cities conquered during his reign. According the same codex he supported the powerful Toltec lord of Cholula, Lord Four Jaguar “Face of the Night” in his attempts at expansionism. For this Eight Deer was awarded a turquoise nose ornament. During a coronation ceremony a priest pierced his nasal septum and inserted the turquoise nose ornament (Codex Nuttall, page 52). Eight Deer married several women in positions of influence as part of a political strategy to achieve dominance. One of them, Thirteen Serpent, was the daughter of his own stepsister. Eight Deer’s archenemy was Eleven Wind Bloody Jaguar, king of the city “Xipe’s Bundle”, who also had rights to the throne of Tilantongo. The city was finally conquered by Eight Deer in 1101.
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