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Muisca, AD 1500


The Muisca (Muysccubbun) civilization flourished in ancient Colombia between 600 and 1600 CE. Their territory encompassed what is now Bogotá and its environs and they have gained lasting fame as the origin of the El Dorado legend. At the time of the contact they were organized in a loose confederation, which included the zipa of Bacatá, the zaque of Hunza and the iraca of the sun city Sugamuxi (Sogamoso). Important chiefs were Zipa Tisquesusa, Zaque Quemuenchatocha, Iraca Sogamoso and Tundama.